Fanleaf Hawthorn

Scientific Name: Crataegus flabellata (Bosc ex Spach) K. Koch

Classification: Plantae/ Tracheobionta / Spermatophyta / Magnoliophyta / Magnoliopsida / Rosidae / Rosales / Rosaceae / Crataegus L./ Crataegus flabellata (Bosc ex Spach) K. Koch

Fanleaf Hawthorn
General Information
Usda SymbolCRFL
Life CyclePerennial
Growth HabitsShrubTree,
Native LocationsCRFL

Plant Guide


Erosion Control: Because it tolerates a wide variety of sites, it can be planted to stabilize banks, for shelterbelts, and for erosion control. Timber: Although the wood is hard and strong, it has no commercial value except for tool handles and other small items. Wildlife: It provides excellent food and cover for wildlife. Beautification: Excellent for environmental plantings including small specimen tree and shrub border.


Please consult the PLANTS Web site and your State Department of Natural Resources for this plant’s current status, such as, state noxious status, and wetland indicator values.


General: Fanleaf hawthorn is a shrub or small tree that grows to thirty feet tall and seven inches in DBH, with thorns 1,2-1,6 inches along the branchlets, Leaves are broadest near the base to the mid-section, sometimes triangular shaped, lobed, hairy at first becoming smooth at maturity, Flowers are in clusters of three to fifteen, Fruits are globe shaped to broadest above the mid-section, usually bright red with juicy flesh, Use soil moisture sensors to measure the soil moisture of Fanleaf Hawthorn., from Britton & Brown 1913 by Kentucky Native Plant Society @ PLANTS Distribution: Fanleaf hawthorn grows from northeastern North America to South Carolina and Louisiana,


Although fanleaf hawthorn will succeed in partial shade and different soil types, it grows best in full sunlight and well-drained loamy soils. It will tolerate wet soils before becoming drought tolerant once established. It is also wind tolerant making it a good tree species in shelterbelt planting. It is also tolerant of atmospheric pollution and performs well in urban settings.


Propagation from Seed or Grafting: Fanleaf hawthorn can be propagated by either seeds or grafting. Successful propagation using seeds requires acid scarification followed by warm stratification and prechilling. Seeds, whose numbers per lb. varies with species, are planted early in the fall, in drill rows eight to twelve inches apart and covered with 1/4 inch of soil. Seedlings must not be kept in the nursery longer than a year. Containerized trees should be planted when they are no more than eight feet tall, in the fall or spring. Balled and burlapped trees should be planted in early spring. Grafting on seedling stock of Crataegus oxyacantha or Crataegus monogyna is best carried out in the winter to early spring.


Pruning should be done in the winter or early spring in order to maintain a clear shoot leader on young trees and/or remove the weakest branches to allow more light to pass through. Suckers or stems arising from the roots should be removed when they become noticeable.

Pest and Potential Problems

Although insects and diseases seldom affect fanleaf hawthorn; however, it is susceptible to fireblight, cedar-hawthorn rust, cedar-quince rust, leaf blight, fruit rot, and leaf spot. Cultivars, Improved and Selected Materials (and area of origin) Consult you local nurseries to choose the right cultivar for your specific landscape. Contact your local Natural Resources Conservation Service (formerly Soil Conservation Service) office for more information. Look in the phone book under ”United States Government.” The Natural Resources Conservation Service will be listed under the subheading “Department of Agriculture.”


Dirr, M.A. 1990. Manual of woody landscape plants: their identification, ornamental characteristics, culture, propagation and uses. 3rd ed. Stipes, Champaign, Illinois. Duncan, W.H. & M.B. Duncan 1988. Trees of the Southeastern United States. University of Georgia Press, Athens, Georgia. Elias, T.S. 1989. Field guide to North American trees. Revised ed. Grolier Book Clubs Inc., Danbury, Connecticut. Flint, H.L. 1983. Landscape plants for eastern North America. John Wiley and Sons, Inc, New York, New York. Harrar, E.S. & J.G. Harrar. 1962. Guide to southern trees. 2nd ed. Dover Publications, Inc., New York, New York. Little, E.E. 1996. National Audubon Society field guide to North American trees: Eastern region. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, New York. USDA Forest Service 1974. Seeds of woody plants in the United States. Agricultural Handbook 450. USDA, Washington, DC. USDA Forest Service 1990. Silvics of North America. Agricultural Handbook 654. Forest Service, USDA, Washington, DC. Young, J. A. & C.G. Young. 1992. Seeds of woody plants in North America. Revised and enlarged ed. Dioscorides Press, Portland, Oregon

Fanleaf Hawthorn

Fanleaf Hawthorn

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