Prairie Crab Apple

Scientific Name: Malus ioensis (Alph. Wood) Britton

Classification: Plantae/ Tracheobionta / Spermatophyta / Magnoliophyta / Magnoliopsida / Rosidae / Rosales / Rosaceae / Malus Mill./ Malus ioensis (Alph. Wood) Britton

Prairie Crab Apple
General Information
Usda SymbolMAIO
Life CyclePerennial
Growth HabitsShrubTree,
Native LocationsMAIO

Plant Guide

Use a soil moisture meter to monitor the soil moisture where Prairie Crab Apple is planted.

Plant Traits

Growth Requirements

Temperature, Minimum (°F)-28
Adapted to Coarse Textured SoilsYes
Adapted to Fine Textured SoilsYes
Adapted to Medium Textured SoilsYes
Anaerobic ToleranceNone
CaCO3 ToleranceHigh
Cold Stratification RequiredYes
Drought ToleranceHigh
Fertility RequirementMedium
Fire ToleranceLow
Frost Free Days, Minimum140
Hedge ToleranceLow
Moisture UseMedium
pH, Maximum7.0
pH, Minimum5.0
Planting Density per Acre, Maxim1200
Planting Density per Acre, Minim300
Precipitation, Maximum45
Precipitation, Minimum30
Root Depth, Minimum (inches)30
Salinity ToleranceNone
Shade ToleranceIntolerant


Resprout AbilityYes
Shape and OrientationIrregular
Active Growth PeriodSpring and Summer
C:N RatioHigh
Coppice PotentialYes
Fall ConspicuousYes
Fire ResistantNo
Flower ColorWhite
Flower ConspicuousYes
Foliage ColorGreen
Foliage Porosity SummerDense
Foliage Porosity WinterModerate
Foliage TextureMedium
Fruit/Seed ConspicuousYes
Nitrogen FixationNone
Low Growing GrassNo
Leaf RetentionNo
Known AllelopathNo
Height, Mature (feet)25.0
Height at 20 Years, Maximum (fee20
Growth RateModerate
Growth FormSingle Stem
Fruit/Seed ColorGreen


Vegetative Spread RateSlow
Small GrainNo
Seedling VigorMedium
Seed Spread RateSlow
Seed per Pound30000
Fruit/Seed PersistenceYes
Propagated by TubersNo
Propagated by SprigsNo
Propagated by SodNo
Propagated by SeedYes
Propagated by CormNo
Propagated by CuttingsNo
Bloom PeriodMid Spring
Commercial AvailabilityContracting Only
Fruit/Seed AbundanceMedium
Fruit/Seed Period BeginSummer
Fruit/Seed Period EndSummer
Propagated by Bare RootYes
Propagated by BulbNo
Propagated by ContainerYes


Veneer ProductNo
Pulpwood ProductNo
Protein PotentialLow
Post ProductNo
Palatable HumanNo
Palatable Graze AnimalLow
Palatable Browse AnimalHigh
Nursery Stock ProductYes
Naval Store ProductNo
Lumber ProductNo
Fuelwood ProductMedium
Fodder ProductNo
Christmas Tree ProductNo
Berry/Nut/Seed ProductYes

Prairie Crab Apple

Prairie Crab Apple

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