Japanese Zelkova

Scientific Name: Zelkova serrata (Thunb.) Makino

Classification: Plantae/ Tracheobionta / Spermatophyta / Magnoliophyta / Magnoliopsida / Hamamelididae / Urticales / Ulmaceae / Zelkova Spach/ Zelkova serrata (Thunb.) Makino

Japanese Zelkova
General Information
Usda SymbolZESE80
Life CyclePerennial
Growth HabitsTree
Native LocationsZESE80

Plant Guide

Use a soil moisture meter to monitor the soil moisture where Japanese Zelkova is planted.

Plant Traits

Growth Requirements

Temperature, Minimum (°F)-33
Adapted to Coarse Textured SoilsYes
Adapted to Fine Textured SoilsYes
Adapted to Medium Textured SoilsYes
Anaerobic ToleranceNone
CaCO3 ToleranceNone
Cold Stratification RequiredYes
Drought ToleranceNone
Fertility RequirementHigh
Fire ToleranceNone
Frost Free Days, Minimum110
Hedge ToleranceNone
Moisture UseMedium
pH, Maximum6.9
pH, Minimum6.0
Planting Density per Acre, Maxim800
Planting Density per Acre, Minim300
Precipitation, Maximum70
Precipitation, Minimum20
Root Depth, Minimum (inches)36
Salinity ToleranceNone
Shade ToleranceIntolerant


Resprout AbilityYes
Shape and OrientationErect
Active Growth PeriodSpring and Summer
C:N RatioHigh
Coppice PotentialNo
Fall ConspicuousYes
Fire ResistantNo
Flower ColorGreen
Flower ConspicuousNo
Foliage ColorDark Green
Foliage Porosity SummerModerate
Foliage Porosity WinterPorous
Foliage TextureFine
Fruit/Seed ConspicuousNo
Nitrogen FixationNone
Low Growing GrassNo
Leaf RetentionNo
Known AllelopathNo
Height, Mature (feet)89.0
Height at 20 Years, Maximum (fee40
Growth RateSlow
Growth FormSingle Crown
Fruit/Seed ColorBrown


Small GrainNo
Seedling VigorMedium
Seed Spread RateSlow
Seed per Pound26000
Fruit/Seed Period EndFall
Propagated by TubersNo
Propagated by SprigsNo
Propagated by SodNo
Propagated by SeedYes
Propagated by CuttingsNo
Propagated by ContainerYes
Propagated by BulbNo
Propagated by Bare RootYes
Fruit/Seed PersistenceNo
Fruit/Seed Period BeginSummer
Fruit/Seed AbundanceHigh
Commercial AvailabilityRoutinely Available
Bloom PeriodMid Spring
Propagated by CormNo


Veneer ProductYes
Pulpwood ProductYes
Post ProductYes
Palatable HumanNo
Palatable Graze AnimalLow
Palatable Browse AnimalLow
Nursery Stock ProductYes
Naval Store ProductNo
Lumber ProductYes
Fuelwood ProductMedium
Fodder ProductNo
Christmas Tree ProductNo
Berry/Nut/Seed ProductNo

Japanese Zelkova

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